Saturday, January 30, 2010

Scott's Six(7) Fallacies

For a slightly more detailed description of Geoffrey Scott's six fallacies of architecture (with the addition of his own fallacy) click here. I'm still developing my understanding of the fallacies and these examples. I am not sure about a couple of them, most notably the empathy fallacy, and the Porphyrios gallery in Nebraska (you have to admit the building is gorgeous).
 
Romantic Fallacy (Poetic)
Modern Example: 

Villa Savoye, Le Corbusier. It represents its own age as an association with a machine itself.

Traditional Example: 

The Duncan Gallery, Dmitri Porphyros. The New Schinkel – Germany’s version of Greek Revival. He makes good architecture through allusion to very specific precedents. This architecture can be considered good on the grounds that it is beautifully constructed, is a villa in the country, and because we associate it with Greek architecture, or Greek Revival architecture, also on other very good grounds. Does Porphyrios really believe classism is not a style? He might also be placed under the mechanical fallacy. Or it could be argued that because Schinkel really was great Porphyrios can get away with imitating him, especially since he does it so well.


Romantic Fallacy (Naturalism and Picturesque)
Modernist Example:

(Naturalism) Einstein Tower, Potsdam, Erich Menelsohn. Uses natural curves and shapes.


Traditional Example: (Picturesque) 

New Piazza in Alessandria, Italy, Leon Krier. Expressionist and associative, very picturesque. Trying to make it look old and built up over time. Eclectic.

Mechanical Fallacy
Modernist Example:

860–880 Lake Shore Drive, Meis van der Rohe. They represent their structure.

Traditional Example: 

Design for a Concert Hall, Viollet le Duc. Most current traditionalists get this fallacy, except for early traditionalists, Aldo Rossi? Traditional forms but allowing them to be machine like----postmodernism.

Ethical Fallacy
Modernist Example:

Unite d’Habitation, Corbu. This was supposed to make moral citizens.

Traditional Example: 

Zeppelinhaupttrib├╝ne, Albert Spier


Biological Fallacy
Modernist Example:

?

This shouldn't be hard, just use your imagination, maybe the "Cloud Pavilion" in Zurich.


Traditional Example:

West Dean Visitor Center, Christopher Alexander. A windowsill at the wrong height makes you sick. Scientifically grounding traditional architecture.

Academic Tradition
Modern Example: 

Guggenheim Museum, Bilbao Frank Gehry. No theory, no tradition.

Traditional Example: 

St. Thomas Aquinas Chapel, Duncan Stroik. Cut and past Palladio w/Spanish Colonial?


(7) Empathy Fallacy

Modernist Example:
 Goetheanum, Rudolph Steiner

Traditional Example: 

Heurtley House, Frank Lloyd Wright